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United States Patent 5,336,828
Malhotra, et. al.Aug. 9, 1994

Hydrocarbon processing using fullerene catalysts

Inventors: Malhotra; Ripudaman (San Carlos, CA); Tse; Doris S. (San Jose, CA); McMillen; Donald F. (Menlo Park, CA).
Assignee: SRI International (Menlo Park, CA).
Appl. No.: 025,502
Filed: Mar. 3, 1993

Intl. Cl.:C07C 5/327;
U.S. Cl.:585/654.; 585/658.;
Field of Search:654;658

References Cited

Other References

Primary Examiner: Pal; Asok
Assistant Examiner: Achutamurthy; A.

Abstract

A process is described for carrying out the dehydrogenation or hydrogenation, including hydrogenolysis, of a hydrocarbon in the presence of one or more soluble fullerene catalysts which have been dissolved in the hydrocarbon (when the hydrocarbon is a liquid capable of dissolving the fullerene catalyst) or dissolved in a solvent which is also a solvent for the hydrocarbon (when the hydrocarbon either is not a liquid or is not a liquid which is a solvent for the fullerene catalyst). The use of a liquid catalyst, i.e., a dissolved fullerene catalyst, inhibits coking reactions to thereby inhibit formation of coke on a solid catalyst or catalyst support by elimination of nucleation points or growth regions for such coke formation.

10 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures


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